There are no great secrets where tax planning and tax cutting are concerned. The principles
around which all tax-cutting strategies revolve can be reduced to six basics:
1. Income splitting. Taxes are reduced for the total family unit by shifting income among
several family members or legal entities in order to get more of the income taxed at lower rates.
2. Shifting income. Certain kinds of income (bonuses, dividends, and year-end payments, for
example) can be shifted from one year to another in order to have the income fall where it will
be taxed at lower rates.
3. Shifting deductions. As with income, certain deductible expenses can be paid in one year or
the next in order to place them where the tax benefit will be greater.
4. Deferring tax. Putting your money into certain investments or making pension plan
contributions allows you to defer the tax on some income until some future year.
5. Tax-deductible expenditures. Certain expenses may be tax deductible if you meet specific
requirements in the Tax Code. Structuring your affairs to obtain a tax deduction for things you
enjoy (within stringent IRS guidelines) is an example of this tax-cutting technique.
6. Tax-exempt investments. You can select investments that produce income that is exempt
from either federal or state income tax, or both. Many mutual fund investments, for example,
have tax advantages.
Become aware of how tax law changes are affecting you, and make adjustments necessary to
lessen the impact of them on your earnings.
This information is not intended to be a substitute for specific individualized tax advice. We
suggest that you discuss your specific tax issues with a qualified tax advisor.
No investment strategy or risk management technique can guarantee return or eliminate risk
in all market environments.
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